Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) is a woodland plant, much valued for its fragrant summer flowers. Its low, spreading habit also makes it ideal for growing as a ground cover plant. Lily of the valley thrives in a moist, shaded spot, and gradually spreads to form dense clumps of lush, green foliage.
Lily-of-the-valley stem rot is caused by a botrytis fungus. Infections start with small specks on the leaves that develop into sunken brown spots. The disease spreads to the stems, and eventually the foliage and stems die back and collapse.
Potential Lily of the Valley Pests In hot, dry conditions, spider mites may suck sap from leaves, causing them to turn yellow or stipple. The most common and prevalent of the pests are snails and slugs. These gastropods will do quite a bit of damage Read more
Growing Lily of the Valley The conditions that this flower likes include partial shade and moist, loose soil. If it gets too dry, especially, the plant will not flourish. Like other perennial bloomers, lily of the valley flowers in spring and summer and goes dormant Read more
Bloom Time Lily of the valley typically flowers in early to mid spring for three or four weeks – which is significantly longer than most other spring perennials. In colder climates their bloom time may start later and extend into early summer.
Lily of the valley produces flowers with both types of reproductive organs (perfect flowers). Lily of the valley blooms during the May. Flowers emit strong, sweet scent which attracts bees, responsible for the pollination of this plant.
Space lily of the valley plants 12 inches apart and water frequently to keep the soil slightly moist. Mulch lily of the valley plants with 2 to 3 inches of wood chips. If you live in an area with warm, hot summers, plant it in Read more
Though the roots love moisture, once the plants are established, they are quite drought tolerant. In warmer zones the foliage of lily of the valley usually stays green throughout the winter. Deer rarely bother the plants or the flowers.
Lily of the valley, (Convallaria majalis), fragrant perennial herb and only species of the genus Convallaria in the asparagus family (Asparagaceae). Native to Eurasia and eastern North America, lily of the valley is cultivated in shaded garden areas in many temperate parts of the world.
Lily-of-the-valley can stimulate the heart. Calcium might also affect the heart. Taking lily-of-the-valley along with calcium might cause the heart to be too stimulated. Do not take lily-of-the-valley along with calcium supplements.
Try planting lily of the valley plants in a naturalistic garden. Planting lily of the valley in outdoor containers would also be a great way to control its spread and provide it with the moisture it enjoys.
Lily of the valley typically doesn't need any fertilizer unless you have poor soil. If your soil lacks nutrients, you can add a slow-release granular fertilizer in the spring.
Dividing/Transplanting: Lily-of-the-Valley is easily divided when dormant in spring or fall. Simply dig up the small rhizomes (called pips), gently separate, and replant 4in apart; plants will fill in quite quickly. Water well after transplanting.
4: Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis) Lily of the valley is a small garden plant, unlike hydrangeas and rhododendrons, but like them it appreciates coffee grounds. Coffee grounds give it both the texture it enjoys and the rich nutrients it likes.
Enjoy the sweet scent of lily-of-the-valley every spring, as well as its low-care nature. This deer-resistant (poisonous) shade-loving ground cover is a quick spreader.
Lily-of-the-valley is used for heart problems including heart failure and irregular heartbeat. It is also used for urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney stones, weak contractions in labor, epilepsy, fluid retention (edema), strokes and resulting paralysis, eye infections (conjunctivitis), and leprosy.
Cut off lily of the valley's flower stalks with a pair of pruning shears once the individual blooms begin to dry, turn yellow or brown and drop their petals. Position each cut 1/4 inch above the point where the flower stalk joins the main plant. Read more
Is lily of the valley poisonous? All parts of the plant are considered potentially toxic. The plant contains over 30 cardiac glycosides, many of which inhibit the heart's pumping activity.
Potential Lily of the Valley Pests Due to the plant's toxicity, it is rarely bothered by any insects. However, insect pests may have a field day on the leaves and some also snack on the flowers.
The Lily, A Yes and No: Lilies are dubbed the worst for allergy sufferers. Alternately, removing the pollen from the bulb or getting pollen-free varieties (listed above), can be easily used for those with history of hay fever and other types of allergies.
As a perennial, you can typically put it in the ground and let it spread to fill out a bed or shady space, watching it come back denser year after year. Like other perennial bloomers, lily of the valley flowers in spring and summer and Read more
Lilies of the valley sprang from the ground where the blood of St. Leonard of Sussex, England, was spilled during his great battle with a dragon in the sixth century. On May 1, 1561, France's King Charles IX received lily of the valley as a Read more
Improper Watering Giving your lily of the valley too much or too little water can cause browning of the foliage and other problems. Dry soil can cause your plant's foliage to wilt, turn yellow to brown and drop prematurely. Overwatering can kill the roots, which Read more
Unlike hummingbirds, butterflies and bee species, which enjoy symbiotic relationships with the lily flowers that attract them, bulb fly species can be detrimental to health of lily flowers. In addition to feeding on the nectar of lily flowers, bulb flies lay their eggs on the Read more
While Ramsons, A. ursinum, are edible, Lily-of-the-Valley, C. majalis, is highly poisonous. All parts of the plant contain cardiac glycosides, as well as saponins, and the mechanism of poisoning works in a similar way to Foxglove, Digitalis purpurea.
Lily of the valley can also spread itself by producing orange-red berries with several seeds each. However, the plant is self-sterile meaning that it requires multiple individual plants for pollination that aren't connected by a rhizome/stolon structure.
Their Latin name is Convallaria majalis. Lily of the Valley require ground which is moist throughout their growing season. They grow in all types of ground from clay to sandy soils. They prefer shade or semi-shade and thrive under the canopy of trees and large Read more
Trim off the old flower stems after the blooms begin to wilt. Cut out the stems at their base. Prune out any foliage that becomes tattered or dies during the spring or summer months. Cut back the entire plant to the soil surface after the Read more
SHADE AND SUN: Lily of the valley blooms best in partial shade. The plants will also grow in full shade, but may not produce as many flowers. WHEN TO PLANT: Plant bare root lily of the valley in early spring while the plants are still Read more
Lily of the valley is hardy in USDA zones 3 through 9 and require little maintenance or pruning. Deadhead spent blooms after flowering to encourage the production of fresh bloom and to keep the plant looking tidy.
majalis is a perennial plant. Two basal leaves grow from the ground and have a lovely flower stalk that pops from between, and it is adorned with up to 15 tiny, fragrant, bell-shaped flowers. In cooler climates, the leaves can stay year-round, but they tend Read more
Convallaria majalis, or Lily-of-the-Valley, is a herbacious perennial plant found in woodlands in the northern hemisphere. The leaves of C. ursinum, are edible, Lily-of-the-Valley, C. majalis, is highly poisonous.
There will be 1 to 3 seeds per pod. The seeds do not store well so planting lily of the valley berries quickly is important to success. Choose a lightly shaded area and work the soil at least 6 inches (15 cm.) Plant the seeds Read more
Do not overwater lily of the valley or keep its foliage constantly wet. Too much moisture encourages the development of anthracnose, leaf spot and root rot. Do not overwater lily of the valley or keep its foliage constantly wet. Too much moisture encourages the development Read more
Fertilize lily of the valley with 10-10-10, slow-release, granular fertilizer every three months during the active growing season. Apply the fertilizer at a rate of 1 tablespoon per 1 square foot of soil. Sprinkle the fertilizer in a band around the plants, at least 6 Read more
The most common effects are stomach ache, blurred vision, slow and irregular pulse, and in severe cases, seizures, vomiting and diarrhea, heart arrhythmia and even death. Lily of the valley toxicity is severe and difficult to treat. A rapid trip to the hospital is required Read more
Lily of the valley plants are readily available as rooted crowns. Soak these in water for half an hour, and then plant in individual pots to establish before planting in their final growing positions from May onwards.
Lilies of the valley are indigenous to temperate Eurasian climates and are believed to have originated in Japan. Spreading by tiny rhizomes underground, they naturalize quickly and can become invasive in gardens.
Vinegar alone is not enough to kill lily of the valley. Vinegar does not contain any nutrients that the lily of the valley needs to survive. However, vinegar mixed with other ingredients such as salt and soap can effectively kill it.