Lily of the valley, (Convallaria majalis), fragrant perennial herb and only species of the genus Convallaria in the asparagus family (Asparagaceae). Native to Eurasia and eastern North America, lily of the valley is cultivated in shaded garden areas in many temperate parts of the world.
Just like people, houseplants need water, food and, occasionally, medicine. When you have a peace lily (Spathiphyllum spp.) Use Epsom salts only when your peace lily shows signs of magnesium deficiency.
When to Transplant Lily of the Valley Rapacious spreaders, lily of the valley should be divided every 3-5 years for best the healthiest plantings. Ideally, you would be moving lily of the valley in the fall when the plant is dormant. If that isn't going Read more
If you see tan or yellow ball-like structures on the base of your lily of the valley and the plants are wilting or dying, remove them right away, as well as the soil around the plant, and sterilize your tools thoroughly with bleach.
Both lily-of-the-valley and the gloriosa or flame lily are very dangerous to cats and dogs. Lily-of-the-valley contains toxins that cause the heart to beat abnormally. This abnormal heart rhythm can be life-threatening. Other signs of toxicity include vomiting, diarrhea, and weakness.
There are few animals that eat lily of the valley, as the bulbs contain a toxin that even rodents find distasteful. Even deer do not browse the leaves and flowers. The ASPCA cautions home growers against having lily of the valley in the landscape.
Plant your Lily of the Valley with the tops barely poking above the soil surface, about 4" apart. For container planting, find a location where your "pips" or bulbous roots will receive light to moderate shade and fill your container with good quality, well-drained soil.
Some gardeners claim weevils are also snacking on their lily of the valley plants, but their appearance is usually brief and does not hurt the plant. The most common and prevalent of the pests are snails and slugs. These gastropods will do quite a bit Read more
When your lily of the valley has yellow specks on the surface of its leaves, it could point to stem rot. Spots may be yellow or grayish, but they'll quickly turn brown as the fungus spreads to the crown.
Plant Propagation: Lily of the Valley can be propagated from seed or their rhizomes. Seeds can take months to germinate. So, most people propagate them using the rhizomes. Dig up rhizomes of established plants in the Fall, and separate into clumps for re-planting.
The Lily of the Valley is a beautiful flower that is easy to grow indoors. They prefer cooler temperatures, so growing indoors during the hot summer months is a great idea. The Lily of the Valley requires high quantities of water and growing indoors enable Read more
Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) is an herbaceous perennial that grows in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. This plant, with its highly fragrant, sweet blossoms may look innocent, but it is highly toxic to cats and people, if ingested.
Lily of the Valley prefer a situation that is not too dry which is enriched with blood and bone, old cow manure or a good compost. If your soil is acidic they also benefit from the addition of some lime. Remove all old foliage and Read more
Light. Plant lily of the valley in partial sun to full shade. Direct morning sun is all right, but the plant needs protection from harsh afternoon sun. And if you live in a warmer part of its growing zones, full shade is best.
Lily of the valley is known as a cardiac tonic. This herb is safer for the treatment of heart ailments of elderly people than digitalis or foxglove. It is combined with hawthorn and motherwort for these purposes. It also helps to treat valvular heart disease, Read more
Lily of the Valley should be planted by late fall as cool winter temperatures are needed for a proper dormancy period. The nodding, bell-shaped, white blossoms are expected to arrive early to mid-spring, but it can take some time to establish and may not flower Read more
Leaf spots can form when lily of the valley foliage is watered using a sprinkler or water stands on the leaves long enough to encourage fungal spore development. Spots are usually small and water soaked, eventually spreading outward or developing spores in the centers.
Flowers can fade to form red berries, but this only happens if you have plants that haven't all grown from the same root (rhizome) or stem structure. As a rule, the flowers are self-sterile, so they need to be cross-pollinated to make fruit.
Growing Lily of the Valley This easy-care plant doesn't require much to thrive. Preferring partial shade and moist soil, growing lily of the valley is easy if you know how and when to plant. Lily of the valley can also be adapted to full sun Read more
Native to North America, lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) is hardy in U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 3 through 8. The low-maintenance, woodland plant is known for its sweetly fragrant, white flowers. The spring flowers attract bees and butterflies.
Giving your lily of the valley too much or too little water can cause browning of the foliage and other problems. Dry soil can cause your plant's foliage to wilt, turn yellow to brown and drop prematurely. Overwatering can kill the roots, which leads to Read more
Lily of the valley (Convallaria majalis) is a woodland plant, much valued for its fragrant summer flowers. Its low, spreading habit also makes it ideal for growing as a ground cover plant. Lily of the valley thrives in a moist, shaded spot, and gradually spreads Read more
Lily-of-the-valley stem rot is caused by a botrytis fungus. Infections start with small specks on the leaves that develop into sunken brown spots. The disease spreads to the stems, and eventually the foliage and stems die back and collapse.
Potential Lily of the Valley Pests In hot, dry conditions, spider mites may suck sap from leaves, causing them to turn yellow or stipple. The most common and prevalent of the pests are snails and slugs. These gastropods will do quite a bit of damage Read more
Growing Lily of the Valley The conditions that this flower likes include partial shade and moist, loose soil. If it gets too dry, especially, the plant will not flourish. Like other perennial bloomers, lily of the valley flowers in spring and summer and goes dormant Read more
Bloom Time Lily of the valley typically flowers in early to mid spring for three or four weeks – which is significantly longer than most other spring perennials. In colder climates their bloom time may start later and extend into early summer.
Lily of the valley produces flowers with both types of reproductive organs (perfect flowers). Lily of the valley blooms during the May. Flowers emit strong, sweet scent which attracts bees, responsible for the pollination of this plant.
Space lily of the valley plants 12 inches apart and water frequently to keep the soil slightly moist. Mulch lily of the valley plants with 2 to 3 inches of wood chips. If you live in an area with warm, hot summers, plant it in Read more
Though the roots love moisture, once the plants are established, they are quite drought tolerant. In warmer zones the foliage of lily of the valley usually stays green throughout the winter. Deer rarely bother the plants or the flowers.
Lily-of-the-valley can stimulate the heart. Calcium might also affect the heart. Taking lily-of-the-valley along with calcium might cause the heart to be too stimulated. Do not take lily-of-the-valley along with calcium supplements.
Try planting lily of the valley plants in a naturalistic garden. Planting lily of the valley in outdoor containers would also be a great way to control its spread and provide it with the moisture it enjoys.
Lily of the valley typically doesn't need any fertilizer unless you have poor soil. If your soil lacks nutrients, you can add a slow-release granular fertilizer in the spring.
Dividing/Transplanting: Lily-of-the-Valley is easily divided when dormant in spring or fall. Simply dig up the small rhizomes (called pips), gently separate, and replant 4in apart; plants will fill in quite quickly. Water well after transplanting.
4: Lily of the Valley (Convallaria majalis) Lily of the valley is a small garden plant, unlike hydrangeas and rhododendrons, but like them it appreciates coffee grounds. Coffee grounds give it both the texture it enjoys and the rich nutrients it likes.
Enjoy the sweet scent of lily-of-the-valley every spring, as well as its low-care nature. This deer-resistant (poisonous) shade-loving ground cover is a quick spreader.
Lily-of-the-valley is used for heart problems including heart failure and irregular heartbeat. It is also used for urinary tract infections (UTIs), kidney stones, weak contractions in labor, epilepsy, fluid retention (edema), strokes and resulting paralysis, eye infections (conjunctivitis), and leprosy.
Cut off lily of the valley's flower stalks with a pair of pruning shears once the individual blooms begin to dry, turn yellow or brown and drop their petals. Position each cut 1/4 inch above the point where the flower stalk joins the main plant. Read more
Is lily of the valley poisonous? All parts of the plant are considered potentially toxic. The plant contains over 30 cardiac glycosides, many of which inhibit the heart's pumping activity.
Potential Lily of the Valley Pests Due to the plant's toxicity, it is rarely bothered by any insects. However, insect pests may have a field day on the leaves and some also snack on the flowers.
The Lily, A Yes and No: Lilies are dubbed the worst for allergy sufferers. Alternately, removing the pollen from the bulb or getting pollen-free varieties (listed above), can be easily used for those with history of hay fever and other types of allergies.